Indian Americans are one of the most rapidly growing immigrant groups in the United States, roughly doubling in size in each of the last four decades. In 2018, the size of the Indian American population stood at 4.16 million, out of which 2.62 million were U.S. citizens.
Of the citizen population, 1.4 million were naturalized citizens while 1.2 million were born in the United States. Of that group, the total eligible voter population is 1.9 million, or about 0.82 per cent of all eligible voters in the country.
The Indian American voting population is heavily foreign-born and growing rapidly.
As of 2018, about 14 per cent of the U.S. population was foreign-born. However, among Asian Indians (the appellation given Indian Americans by the U.S. Census), nearly 71 per cent were foreign-born. In 2018, out of all newly minted U.S. citizens (that is, those naturalized that year), 17 per cent were born in Mexico, 7 per cent in India, and 5 per cent each in China and the Philippines.
Two-thirds of Indian Americans entered the country after 2000.
In particular, Indians have been huge beneficiaries of America’s skills-based visa regime: India accounts for one out of every two H-1B (high-skilled worker) visas issued between 2001 and 2015. More than half of them (54 per cent) speak English “very well.”
Seventy-six per cent of Indian Americans hold a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 33 per cent nationwide. The median income for Indian American households is $120,000 (compared to $62,000 for the United States as a whole), while the share living in poverty—6.5 per cent—is half that of the U.S. population overall (13 per cent).