To him, electoral analysis would not explain how BJP became so powerful in the twenty-first century. He had already discounted the much-hyped theories of his contemporaries like Rajni Kothari, which attributed the emergence of anti-Congress parties to the failure of the Congress system.
He criticised the valorizing of the coming of regional alliances to capture power so as to stop the Hindu communal juggernaut, since these did not have an agenda antagonistic to the Hindu communal parties. He believed only the Congress with its progressive secular agenda and the Left with its socialist agenda were forces fighting for a secular and progressive India.
To him, the rise of the BJP was primarily due to the crisis within the ruling classes. The laboring classes and the poor were being increasingly demobilized, at the same time that the ruling factions were becoming emboldened. Bhambhri’s analysis indicated the gradual shift of significant factions to the BJP: the “backward caste, middle peasant caste-based political formations”. He showed the class-based abandonment of the Congress between 1967 and 1975 by large sections of peasantry.
He noted that the crisis in India post-liberalization, privatization and the globalization of the 1990s, facilitated identity politics as the legitimizing tool of the right-wing politics, and the biggest beneficiary was the Hindutva parties led by their political formation, BJP. His regular articles in various newspapers form 2000- 2019 were testimonies for both his increasing call to the political parties, intelligentsia and the enlightened minds to be vigilant and discard populist slogans bolstering identity politics of any kind.
In recent years when the clarion call by Hindu communal forces to brand all intelligentsia as anti-national or urban naxalite has rung out loud, Bhambri reminded students and teachers of the wholesale arrests of communists in the wake of the Chinese aggression in 1962. However, he would be quick to remind us, then there was Nehru, and enlightened vice chancellors and teachers. Now, as he would show in his book on Prime Minister Narendra Modi, we have a person who was from a seminary of the Hindutva as head of the government.