One of the oldest longdistance express trains in India, the
ICF coaches are conventional passenger coaches used on the majority of mainline trains in India, while LHB coaches are developed by
The Punjab Mail is CR’s oldest train. Its services have been suspended since the lockdown in March. The train will resume service from December 1.
LHB coaches can travel at a much higher speed than ICF coaches. The maximum permissible speed for LHB coaches is 160 kmph, while ICF coaches are permitted to travel at a maximum speed of 110 kmph. LHB coaches are 1.7 metres longer than the conventional ICF coaches, which also enhances their seating capacity.
LHB coaches are also easier to haul because the weight per metre of these coaches is less than that of ICF coaches.
“LHB coaches are equipped with Controlled Discharge Toilet System and bio-toilets, which are environmentally friendly, and they use Advanced Pneumatic Disc Brake System for efficient braking at higher speeds,” a CR official said, adding that the noise generated by LHB coaches is 40 per cent less than the ICF coaches.
The Punjab Mail started originating and terminating at Bombay VT (now Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) in 1914. The train came to be known as the Punjab Mail, rather than
“The origins of the oldest train of CR are rather unclear. Based on a cost estimate paper circa 1911 and a complaint by an irate passenger circa October 12, 1912, about the ‘late arrival of the train by a few minutes at Delhi’, it has been more or less inferred that the Punjab Mail made her maiden run out of Ballard Pier Mole Station on June 1, 1912,” another official said.